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2015年6月伟德国际选词填空操练(6)

2015-06-09 15:58:51来历:网络

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

  England's highest main-line railway station hangs on to life by a thread: deserted and unmanned (无人的 )since it was officially closed in 1970. Dent, 36 high in the hills of Yorkshire, wakes up On six summer weekends each year, when a special charter train unloads walkers, sightseers and people who37want to catch a train from the highest station, on to its platform. But even this limited existence may soon be brought to an end.

  Dent station is situated on the Settle to Carlisle railway line, said to be the most38in the country. But no amount of scenic beauty can save the line from British Rail's cash problems. This year, for the 39 of economy, the express trains which used to pass through Dent station have been put on to another route.

  It is now an open secret that British Rail sees no future for this railway line. Most of its trains disappeared some time ago. Its bridge, built on a grand 40 a century ago, is falling down. It is not alone. Half-a-dozen railway routes in the north of England are facing a similar threat. The problem is a worn-out system and an almost 41 lack of cash to repair it. Bridges and tunnels are showing their age, the wooden supports for the tracks are rotting and engines and coaches are getting old. On42lines between large cities, the problem is not too bad. These lines still make a profit and cash can be found to43 them. But on the country branch line, the story is different. As track wears out, it is not replaced. Instead speed limits are introduced, making journeys longer than necessary and discouraging customers.

  If a bridge is dangerous, there is often only one thing for British Rail to do: go out and find money from another44. This is exactly what it did a few months ago when a bridge at Bridlington station was threatening to fail down. Repairs were45 at 200,000--just for one bridge--and British Rail was delighted, and rather surprised, when two local councils offered half that amount between them.

  A. maintain

  B. scenic

  C. transcend

  D. source

  E. estimated

  F. sake

  G. complex

  H.simply

  I. consolidation

  J. situated

  K. respectively

  L. total

  M. major

  N. restrained

  O. scale

  英格兰铁路骨干线上海拔最高的火车站命悬一线:自从1970年正式封闭后,它现已被抛弃,也没人管理了。丹特火车站[36]坐落于高高的约克郡丘陵地区。每年夏天有六个周末,当一班专门的包租火车将步行者、游客以及[37]只是想去最高的火车站乘坐火车的人卸载到站台上时,丹特火车站才会醒过来。

  可是,即使是这种受限的存在方法也或许很快就会被完结。丹特火车站坐落从赛特尔开往卡莱尔的铁道路上,该铁道路据说是英国景色最[38]美丽的。可是,美丽的景色却无法使其幸免于英国国铁的资金困难。本年,[39]因为经济原因,曩昔曾通过丹特火车站的特快列车现已改走其他道路了。

  英国国铁看不到这条铁道路的未来,现在这现已是人尽皆知的隐秘了。它的大都火车不久前都现已消失。一个世纪前,以庞大[40]规划兴修的架桥也快倒塌了。这绝非个例。英国北部有六条铁道路面临着相似的要挟。问题在于一方面体系破旧不堪,而另一方面简直[41]彻底没有修补资金。架桥和地道已老化,轨迹的木支架正在腐朽,发动机和车厢也日显陈腐。

  在大城市之间的[42]骨干线上,问题并不是太严峻。这些铁道路仍在盈余,能找到资金来[43]保护保养它们。可是,在村庄支线上,状况就彻底不同了。日益磨损的轨迹并没得到替换,反而实行了限速。这使得旅程不用要地延伸,也让乘客懊丧。

  假如架桥有风险,英国国铁要做的一般只要一件事:走出去,从另一个[44]途径找资金。几个月前,当布里德灵顿火车站的一座桥岌岌可危时,英国国铁便是这样做的。据[45]估量,仅一座桥的修补费就要20万英镑——当两个当地议会供给一半的资金时,英国国铁感到很欢喜而且非常惊奇。

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